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strain order

Plant pathogens
Clients who wish to obtain cultures of allochthonous plant pathogens must first obtain permission (Directive 2000/29 CE and further modifications). For information on transport of plant pathogens throughout Europe, please contact European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO), 1 rue le Nôtre, 75016 Paris, France. Tel: +331 45 20 77 94; Fax: +331 42 24 89 43.

For the order of strains without commercial use, the customer has to ratify the Material Transfert Agreement (MTA) prearranged by the MUT. Customers cannot claim ownership over organisms provided by MUT, nor seek industrial property rights over them.

Hazardous groups

Hallucinogenic and toxic strains
Fungi labelled as T1 organisms do not produce toxins and have no restriction to their distribution. Fungi considered a potential danger for public health are provided with a code T2 and T3 and are only sent to qualified laboratories, who have signed the acceptance form of responsibility for potentially hallucinogenic or toxic materials.

Customers receiving MUT strains are responsible for their safe storage, handling and use. Neither the MUT nor the University of Turin can be responsible for damages or injuries resulting from use, storage or loss of a MUT culture. Moreover, neither the MUT nor the University of Turin are not liable for damages arising from misidentification of strains.

Distribution of MUT strains to third parties is not allowed. The MUT strains used for publications should be cited by their MUT number.

Comparison of distortion gradient and strain gradient based elasticity theories.

Applicability of Mindlin rule for double and triple stresses.


Higher order strain and stress tensors encompassed within gradient elasticity theories are discussed with a particular concern to the physical meaning of double and triple stresses. A single rule is shown to hold for the physical interpretation of the indices of a higher order stress tensor both within distortion gradient and strain gradient theories, whereas the analogous Mindlin’s rule holds only within distortion gradient theories. Double and triple stresses are discussed separately with the aid of simple illustrative examples. A corrigendum to a previous paper by the author (IJSS 50 (2013) 3749–3765) is also presented.

The European Mouse Mutant Archive – EMMA strains are cryopreserved as frozen embryos and/or sperm. Highly demanded EMMA strains are maintained on shelf to facilitate fast delivery to the users. For all other EMMA strains a rederivation service is provided. The kind of material that is in stock can be viewed on the list of available EMMA strains.

The frozen material provided will be sufficient for two IVF or embryo transfer sessions. If live mice are ordered, EMMA will ship up to 3 heterozygous animals , males or females (wildtype littermates could be also available upon request) .

Recommended EMMA service fees

In addition to these recommended EMMA service fees users have to cover all the shipping costs (including the cost for returning dry-shippers, where applicable). For strains generated by use of the CRISPR technology, users also have to pay a license surcharge. In case of cancellations of service requests, EMMA reserves the right to charge users for incurred costs. As EMMA is not a legal entity, the individual EMMA nodes will invoice users separately.

The quality control provided by INFRAFRONTIER/EMMA for community deposited strains, EUCOMM/KOMP-CSD and CRISPR/Cas9 mice is detailed here. However, specific lines may be mantained at a slightly different quality control level. The quality control level applied to each strain is explained in the automated confirmation e-mail sent to the users upon completion of their request online individually.

Genes that have only been assigned for mouse production and phenotyping by the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC) and for which mice have not been produced, yet, it is possible to register interest on the IMPC webpage.