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get seed

For integers, there is uniform selection from a range. For sequences, there is uniform selection of a random element, a function to generate a random permutation of a list in-place, and a function for random sampling without replacement.

Class that implements the default pseudo-random number generator used by the random module.

Bookkeeping functions¶

Changed in version 3.9: Added the counts parameter.

random. expovariate ( lambd ) ¶

random. choices ( population, weights=None, *, cum_weights=None, k=1 ) ¶

Completely reproducible results are not guaranteed across PyTorch releases, individual commits, or different platforms. Furthermore, results may not be reproducible between CPU and GPU executions, even when using identical seeds.

While disabling CUDA convolution benchmarking (discussed above) ensures that CUDA selects the same algorithm each time an application is run, that algorithm itself may be nondeterministic, unless either torch.use_deterministic_algorithms(True) or torch.backends.cudnn.deterministic = True is set. The latter setting controls only this behavior, unlike torch.use_deterministic_algorithms() which will make other PyTorch operations behave deterministically, too.

Controlling sources of randomness¶

Note that this setting is different from the torch.backends.cudnn.deterministic setting discussed below.

Please check the documentation for torch.use_deterministic_algorithms() for a full list of affected operations. If an operation does not act correctly according to the documentation, or if you need a deterministic implementation of an operation that does not have one, please submit an issue:

However, some applications and libraries may use NumPy Random Generator objects, not the global RNG (, and those will need to be seeded consistently as well.

“If you can manage to give up as little as 10% of your company in your seed round, that is wonderful, but most rounds will require up to 20% dilution and you should try to avoid more than 25%. In any event, the amount you are asking for must be tied to a believable plan. That plan will buy you the credibility necessary to persuade investors that their money will have a chance to grow.”

Seed Funding can come from a variety of different places:

Accelerators and Incubators may require equity from a company in exchange for their services. Check out our guide to learn more about accelerators vs incubators.


2. Friends and family may agree to loan you money.

Initial expenses for businesses can be quite costly. It depends on the nature of the business, but it is safe to say the list of possible costs for a nascent business can seem endless. For example, funds are necessary to hire staff, lease or buy expensive equipment, or put a deposit down on renting space in a building.

The venture will have reached company-specific revenue goals. It will probably have a reliable consumer-base, evident, perhaps, in the form of users of an app, or of a certain number of widgets sold. In any case, the infrastructure of a successful business will be established, albeit at a small scale.

One important trait that separates angel investors from VC’s is that they tend to value intangibles more than any other type of investor. The product/service idea and the management team matter a great deal to angel investors since most startups lack a proven track record of success.